The Pryor Times

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November 28, 2007

Continuous operation at Cavalier Ranch

Following the War of 1812, the federal government decided to open new land for white settlers. They determined that the Five Civilized Tribes (Cherokee, Chickasaw, Creek, Choctaw, Seminole) could be relocated to the area now known as Oklahoma. In exchange for their land in North and South Carolina, eastern Tennessee, Georgia, Florida. Alabama and Mississippi, the tribes would receive land in the Indian Territory.

Avery Vann was a Cherokee who owned a plantation near Beaver Pond Georgia. He and his wife Margaret had 15 children. His son Joseph realized that the Cherokee people were going to be forced to move west to the new Indian Territory. Joseph sold his plantation in 1828 and with his family, two sisters Sallie and Keziah and nine slaves, he moved west to Indian Territory. He built a log cabin near Spring Creek south of present day Locust Grove, and started a plantation.

Joseph’s sister Sallie married Robert Rogers. They became the parents of Clem Vann Rogers, the father of Will Rogers.

Keziah married Robert Webber. They settled near Joseph’s plantation on Spring Creek and became the parents of Margaret Webber. She married Scott Tyler Cavalier, father of John Tyler Cavalier.

Joseph worked the land, adding improvements. He built a log barn, rail fences and cleared the timber for more farm land. In 1837, his father Avery arrived from Georgia and settled approximately two miles south of Rose, which was originally named Rowes after Avery’s son-in-law David Rowe. That farm, was commonly known as the old John Duncan place, burned in 1940.

The Cherokees that were still in the south were forced the move to Indian Territory in 1838 and 1839 on what was to become known as the Trail of Tears. When the new Cherokee government was set up in Tahlequah, Joseph served in several positions including chief.

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